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"ARMENIAN TERRORISM AFTER 1988: THE ARMENIAN SECRET ARMY, VREZH & THE WAR ON AZERBAIJAN"

Christopher Gunn

Keywords: armenian terrorism, Vrezh movement,war on Azerbaijan, ASALA, conflict, attacks

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References
  1. For just a sampling see Andrew Corsun, “Armenian Terrorism: A Profile,” in Department of State Bulletin Vol. 82, No. 2065 (August 1982), 35; Michael Gunter,“Pursuing the Just Cause of their People”: A Study of Contemporary Armenian Terrorism (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986); Anat Kurz and Ariel Merari, ASALA—Irrational Terror or Political Tool (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1985), 39-52; Paul Henze, GOAL: Destabilization: Soviet Agitational Propaganda, Instability and Terrorism in NATO South (Marina del Rey, CA: European Institute for Security Research, 1981), 36; Andrew Mango, Turkey and the War on Terror: For Forty Years We Fought Alone (New York: Routledge, 2005), 12; Marvin Howe, “Turks Blame Cypriots for Attacks in Name of Armenians,” New York Times, February 28, 1980; E.J. Dionne, Jr., “Armenian Terror: Tangle of Motives,” New York Times, August 1, 1983; and Armenian Terrorism, Its Supporters, the Narcotic Connection, the Distortion of History (Ankara, Turkey: Ankara University, 1984.
  2. “Armenian Terrorists,” January 10, 1983, CIA, CIA-RDP88-01070R000100520004-4; “Patterns of International Terrorism: 1981,” in Department of State Bulletin Vol. 82, No. 2065 (August 1982): 16; and Gunter, “Pursuing the Just Cause of their People”, 1.
  3. Bilal N. Şimşir, Şehit Diplomatlarımız (1973-1994), Vol. 2, (Ankara, Turkey: Bilgi Yayınevi, 2000), 967-968.
  4. Markar Melkonian, My Brother’s Road: An American’s Fateful Journey to Armenia, (New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007), 84.
  5. “Terrorism Review,” CIA, Dec. 14 1989, CIA Doc No/ESDN: 0000258747, CREST.
  6. Christopher Gunn, “Turning Terrorists into ‘National Heroes’: ASALA & ARF ‘Veterans’ in Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Region of Azerbaijan,” in First International Forum of the Caucasus Studies Scholars, 1 (Baku, Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, Caucasus Institute, 2017): 53-61.
  7. Charles van der Leeuw, Azerbaijan: A Quest for Identity (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000), 159-160.
  8. This number was arrived at through newspaper reports and Markar Melkonian’s account.
  9. Tim Naftali, Blind Spot: The Secret History of American Counterterrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2005), 195.
  10. “Violence Flares Again in Azerbaijan Republic,” New York Times, 17, 1989 and van der Leeuw, Azerbaijan, 160.
  11. Van der Leeuw, 160.
  12. “Soviet Union Bomb Rips Bus, Kills 15 in Azerbaijan,” Los Angeles Times, 11, 1990 and van der Leeuw, 160.
  13. “15 Die in Train Blast in the Soviet Caucasus,” New York Times, Aug. 1, 1991 and van der Leeuw, 160.
  14. “12 Killed in Explosion in a Baku Rail Station,” New York Times, March 20, 1994; “7 Die as Bomb Explodes on Azerbaijan Subway,” Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1994 and van der Leeuw, 181.
  15. “Armenian Revolutionary Federation, IT-Armenia,” FBI, January 21, 1993.
  16. “ARF Leadership Calls For Withholding Support of Armenia: Justice Commandoes of Genocide State Intention to Resume Terrorism,” Armenian Reporter, September 5, 1992.
  17. State Department Telegram, BAKU 00714, “Azerbaijani President to Attend UNGA,” September 5, 1992.
  18. State Department Telegram, BAKU 01056, “Azerbaijani Officials Blame Armenian Terrorists for Metro Bombing,” March 23, 1994; State Department Telegram, BAKU 001406, “Terrorist Activity,” April 15, 1994.
  19. Fahrad Mammadov, “Armenian Aggression Backed up by Terror,” Yeni Müsavat, February 2, 2011.